Prostate cancer is actually a disease that occurs in the male reproductive system. This cancer is incredibly common as probably the most reasons behind death in the states.
The prostate itself is mainly responsible for production of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland is situated between the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the ailment we require finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early signs and symptoms of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, as it is usually without symptoms. This is certainly one answer for the question why this usually located in men aged 50 years along with the normally diagnosed inside the seventies. Indeed in accordance with age, symptom that was not visible will likely be visible. a standard complaint expressed by those with the disease is pain, particularly when you urinate, sometimes you will found bleeding in urination, and the existence of ere-ctile dysfunction.
The diagnosing prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or by using a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, is the antigen whether it found in someone`s blood, the physician will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen will be confirmed if you take a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostatitis treatment for prostate cancer remains to be under debate. Treatment solutions vary, according to the stage. During the early stages can be utilized prostatectomy (removal of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be done (reduce testosterone levels through removing drugs or the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (removing of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The process is long which is usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is produced within the abdomen or perineal area, along with the patient had to undergo hospital treatment for 5-one week. Complications that will happen is the fact that impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients who happen to be still active love life, can be achieved Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (removing of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this treatment causes physical and psychological effects that may stop being tolerated with the patients. Orkiektomi is a wonderful treatment, will not require re-treatment, in comparison to cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient failed to need prostate cancer treatment. Orkiektomi usually done on the cancer that had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to treat cancer of the, B and C. Usually if the potential risk of surgical procedures are too much, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy to the prostate gland can be achieved in a number of ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals with no need to undergo hospitalization. Unwanted effects such as decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (for example redness and irritation), injury or burns for the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation treatment therapy is usually done as much as 5 times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive entirely on prostate tissue using a small incision. The benefit of this kind of radiation treatments are that radiation is directed instantly to the prostate with tissue damage in the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The goal is always to reduce the quantity of testosterone. Decline in testosterone levels tend to be extremely effective in preventing the increase and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is primarily employed to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the greater number of commonly used to take care of advanced prostate cancer. One example may be the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the development of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is known as chemical castration since it has the same result with removing the testes). Drugs given in the form of injections, usually every three months. Along side it effects are vomiting and nausea, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs useful for hormonal treatments are androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to avoid the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. One side effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is often utilized to treat signs of prostate cancer is resistant to hormonal therapy. Usually given an individual drug or mixture of several drugs to eliminate cancer cells.
Drugs that will accustomed to treat prostate cancer is:
One side effects vary and be determined by the drugs given. You need to carefully look at the benefits and unwanted effects of both treatments to discover the 3d prostate treatment options that fit together with you.